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The Baladeh Subterranean is Recorded on the UNESCO Global List

 The Director General of Cultural Heritages, Handicrafts and Tourism of the County of South Khorasan announced: 'The Baladeh Subterranean of Ferdows as the second important effect of County has been recorded on World Heritage List of UNESCO'.

From the report of the Public Relations Department of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization of the County of Southern Khorasan; Mr. Ramazani, the Director General of Cultural Heritage said, “Very soon the UNESCO evaluators will travel to Southern Khorasan with the Deputy of Cultural Heritage of Iran, and this visit is to assess the field and record the Baladeh Subterran in the World Heritage.
He stated that the Baladeh Aqueduct with the Registration Number 30,161 in the Historic Town of Toon shows human ingenuity and creativity, which from  many years ago until now the men who created it, kept and maintained it all this time and of course, adding to the richness of its cultural and technology this place is remarkable and very important.In the construction of this aqueduct valuable technology, such as making the dark subterranean water, special division of the water, using the agricultural calendar and integrated management of human resources and global registration have priority and importance”.
The long route of running water of Baladeh is known as the Shah Joo Canal and has 10 stations with different efficiencies.
The water of Baladeh consists of 15 aqueducts and 2 springs that are from ancient times which pass through the middle of the eastern mountains of Ferdows. This water runs for about 35 km where thirsty plains and gardens are watered.The one creative solution over the years was to protect it against the threats of the water becoming muddy. The purpose was to take canal water to the large canal of Shah Joo and flow through the clay fields that were troubled with high concentration and then join it to the large canal of Shah Joo and finally all the water became dark water.
The traditional management system of the Baladeh water was a very complex system, everything was defined and the solutions were issues for all. The high water level caused the extracted water to divide into two streams and then other streams, including those on full-time wages and pay the costs of eating and even today, life insurance, they worked as a Kiyal and Jouyban.
Perhaps it could be said that much of the cultural, spiritual and religious in the historic Town of Toon, is because of the complexity of the Baladeh Aqueducts, as far as to say the good people of this town in history were endowed to share the water which was very important in their lifestyle. It should be noted that over half of the 7,200 cups of water were dedicated to the cultural-spiritual group. This wealth was the cause of the growth and to promote the culture of Islam.

 

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