The Archaeological Museum is the largest museum in the province which is composed of several sections. Some of the important sections are: - Potteries, coins, metals, guns, tools and implements of war, lighting, the Quran and writing, as well as a collection of objects inherited from Amir Asadolah Alam's family, (Foundation by the Islamic Revolution was placed in the Museum of Birjand) and in the Hall of Mirrors. The objects exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Birjand, are of historical and systematic codification of the third millennium B.C., to the Qajar period from different parts of the world.
Most of the museum consists of pottery and coins. The pottery collection is from different periods from Pea handmade ceramics from the third millennium B.C., includes Grey ceramics of the first millennium B.C., until the Islamic glazed ceramics. The collection of coins consist of: - Coins from the historical period of Seleucid, Alymay, Party and Sasanian coins and Islamic coins of different times until the Qajar period.
Another important part of the museum is the Quran and Manuscripts section, which is the most important part of Architecture, is the vestibule of the Akbariyeh Building and that part is special for this museum.
The Archaeological Museum has three parts: - Prehistoric, Historic and Islamic. The Prehistoric section has objects from the Middle Paleolithic period (35,000 B.C.) which some chart the evolution of the craft and industry from four thousand years ago and some of them are practical items and are exposed. The pottery and coins, in addition to the practical aspects, are believed to have and inducing worldview and art of that period. The Historic objects are from Seleucid, Parthian and the Sasanian periods.
: The Archaeological Museum Sections
A-The Pottery Section
This section is for visitors to become familiar with the evolution of pottery and its evolution .It has been created in two parts of B.C., and Islamic period.The Potteries of the Third, Second and First millennium (B.C.) to the Islamic period, and ceramics are exhibited in this section .The potteries in this section have two parts:- Some archaeological findings are from Birjand and South of Khorasan and the others are from different areas of country, which have been transferred to the museum to establish a regular course of history.
B-The Metal Section
This section covers the evolution of metal from the First millennium (B.C.) to the Qajar period. Metal works have been related pre-Islamic and consist of Arrows, Daggers and Weights for Commodity Exchange. In the Islamic Metal section, Copper utensils include a Ewer, Coffeepot and Metallurgical plants on display.
C-The Weapon Section
In weapon section the initial fire weapons consist of muzzle-loading Guns and Pistols. In addition, a number of gunpowder grain leather, metallic and eye cameras are exposed for those interested.
D-The Lighting Section
The other part of the Archeological Museum of Birjand is lighting and accessories sections. In this section, metal and earthen Fat-burners are on display. In addition, the number of Gerd Sooz lamps with stone bases and bodies are shown.The fact that although some date back more than a hundred years, they are artistically and accountably so unique. The oldest objects in this section are the earthen Fat-burners that date back to the pre-Islamic period.
E- The Quran and Script Section
In the central porch section with a pergola has beautiful mogharnases, the Quran and Script sections being there also has culminating architectural treasures. In fact, it is the peak of architectural appearance to be exhibited. In this section, Writing Accessories with some hand written Quran, Stone print and containers of the verses of the Quran are shown. The most exquisite Quran in this section is decorated in the Qajar design, with flowers and birds on volumes, margins and gold gilding on the pages.
F-The Objects belonging to The Family of Alam Section
The objects belonging to the Alam family foundation is the treasure of the City of Birjand. It consists of: - the head of a water pipe of different qualities, decorated with jewels, some glass cups, silver dishes, etc., on show in this section.