Traditional Pottery

The raw ceramic material is the mud which is a mixture of clay and water, which after kneading, homogeneous and kneading, becomes very smooth and flexible. Pottery is the process of making pots with mud and the dishes which are made from mud are clay pots. The main tools used in the art of pottery in Southern Khorasan include: foot or electric pottery wheels, easel, palette knife, yarn, bowl of water, shovel, extruder, Balmil.

Pottery in the past was done by men, but in Mahdiyeh (Shahzileh) women helped to bring and move the mud for pots. Pottery in Southern Khorasan was quite practical and most products were without a glaze or the glaze was elementary. In the villages of Shahzileh and Kousheh near the City of Khaf in the old era most of the clay pots were made there. Commonly using chalk and clay from Dams (Khak Bandi), most of the ovens are on ground level and fueled by diesel.
Pottery in this county works with the building up method (kavil) and wheel methods.
The building up method is commonly used to make containers with a high altitude like the oven. The turning of the majority of primary wheels id done by the movement of the feet and in recent years has been replaced by the electric wheel. Sometimes sand is added to the earthen pottery, because the area potters believe that there having more sand in the soil, strengthens and increases the resistance of the mud during baking and keeps the temperature inside the container. Most of the pottery has been prepared and includes a glass ovens, pots, bowls, traditional drum base (Tombak), cups, piggy banks, troughs, smoking pipe bowl (Hookah), and pots. In addition to the industrial City of Birjand, the Cities of Boshrouyeh and Khosf are becoming relatively common and good.

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