Shoemaking by Knitting and Crochet ) Giveh Baffi and Giveh Doozi)

The traditional Footwear is produced from cotton with its natural colour for the top of the shoes and leather for the sole and insole. They are cool, lightweight, washable and weather-appropriate for Iran and from ancient days and used by different classes, especially rural and agricultural people.

With the porous surface made from the cotton under any circumstances the feet do not sweat. Shoemaker construction tools and materials consist of needle, awl, crochet hooks, knives, cloth, leather, cotton cloth (pileh Gav), natural glue (tragacanth), cotton thread and cow hide, and cow or donkey hooves.

Shoemakers construction includes making leather, knitting the top of the shoe (rouyeh baffi), sole of the shoe (takht keshi) and sewing the shoe to the sole (giveh doozi). Sometimes the entire process is done by one person, but in most cases the procedure for weaving using cotton yarns and needles, is done by women.
In making the shoes they use 2 types of soles:
1-Material Sole: The Shoemaker used material soles which are from the original type of hard pressed cotton fabric, burlap or old textiles or leftover fabrics pieces.
2-Rubber Sole: Today, because of the time and cost of traditional textile production rubber soils are being used.
The Giveh traditionally were commonly made in the County of Southern Khorasan, especially in Sarayan, Birjand and Tabass but are now rare. In the City of Tabass and some villages alike attempts have been made to produce them.

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