Traditional Blacksmith)Chelengari)

To process wire and sheet metal formation, the technique of heating the metal and repressing it to manufacture products such as sickles, hammers, horseshoes and bells for livestock call the tradition Blacksmithing (Chelengari).

The main raw materials used in the forging industry are: metal, wood or coal (coke), water and Tanou-kar powder. The local blacksmith tools consist of a heavy and light hammer, anvil, hammer, chisel, clamp, and a ceramic trough full of water, and bellows which are attached to direct air to the coke furnace and raise the temperature. One of the products of a Forge is making the hawk bell which is a custom and they consist of different bells for Shepherds and Animal keepers which are made in various sizes which is in one or sometimes two bells, and are hung around the neck of local animal’s, and also for shepherd dogs. The customary iron smith of the town of Sarayan is very famous in Iran, in making the little bells, which they are famous for on the county border and outside of the county. The iron smiths say the art of making the bell grew because of the animal keeper’s job and they think they needed these bells. To make one bell, it has 3 important aspects. The first aspect is the iron plate, which is placed into the furnace to heat it, and it is made ready to make the body of the bell. The second aspect is to put an arrow in the middle of the bell and the last aspect is testing the sound, which needs a special skill to make a bell. Welding the arrow in the middle of the bell, good quality and lovely sounds of the bells needs special skills which the persons who make the bells have in Sarayan.

Share this article

Leave a comment