The Handicrafts of Southern Khorasan at a glance
Of the nearly 300 fields and subfields identified and coded country crafts, crafts in more than 80 fields have identified in the Southern Province, were used or are being used in the not too distant past, in the collection as part of the province, is native crafts.
Carpet Weaving: Carpet and Rug designs with a variety of Saadi /Kheshti (Four Seasons), Horse Heads (Kalle Asbi), Tiny Fish (Riz –e- Mahi), (Moharamat), Paisley (Boteh Jegheh) and…
Khersak Bafi: A decorative rug design, coarse textured Kaji, Jangali, Goldani , Morghi and… applications mat, sometimes with wools naturally coloured with woven in geometric motifs.
Rug Weaving: Rug Weaving types like Geleem and Geleemcheh are used as mats, Large Sacks (Javal), Pouches or Backpacks (Toubreh), Blanket (Jol), Cloth for keeping flour (Sofreh Ardi),which is hand woven, has an approximate dimension of 110 / 110 cm to knead flour for baking bread, which is currently used for tapestry.
Tent weaving (Siyah Chador): Hand woven rugs by using a very simple method, for producing goat hair tents of nomads.
Traditional rubbing and kneading of long spring sheep’s wool fibers with soap and warm water to produce full felt, felt hats, Kargoosh (Kapanak), Door mats and mats.
Traditional Textiles: Weaving the Ihram (Ehrami Baffi), Burke weaving (Barak baffi), woolen weaving, towel weaving, fashionable cottons, night sheets (Chadorshab) canvas weaving, Batch,made of wool or silk carpets used for slippers, ( Roukorsi, Rouposhti) cushions, bags and hand luggage, etc.
Traditional Designs on fabric: In the field of lacing, Mallileh sewing, Pileh sewing, Khmeh sewing, Naghdeh sewing, Silk sewing, Sokmeh sewing, Ajideh sewing, Patchwork Crochet, coin embroidery, Zaghareh embroidery, mirror embroidery, sequin embroidery, Baroudary embroidery, Bukhara embroidery, Jor sewing, Maghzi embroidery, Stone embroidery and Labtaghi decoration on dresses , boards, scarves etc
Southern Khorasan Local Clothes: including the bride and groom dressed in local costumes and rural areas of the province
Shoemaker weaving: ignore the light Shoes, resistant and cooling procedures cotton fabric, leather or rubber
Crochet with Natural Silk: Types of wall coverings, gloves, scarves, etc. with natural silk
Twig Weaving (Tarkeh Bafi): Manufacturing of baskets, Tagij, preparation of red willow branches (Mina) and Safterg (bitter almond)
Mat Weaving (Pakhal and Bouriya Weaving): Manufacturing of baskets, Zanbil, Shilg (Shoolg), caps and carpets, by using the wheat stalks and leaves of palm fibers
Woodturning: Wood manufacturing the base of wooden tables, sofa, chairs, reed and pipe bodies and by using rotational cutting of wood from forests
Traditional Pottery: Manufacturing of ovens, pots, jugs, Tqar, bowls and using clay which are then baked it in an oven
Chalangary (Traditional Blacksmith): Manufacturing of tassel, knives, scythes, Agriculture tools, Sugar Cutters, by heating the metal in the furnace and hammering into the shape required
Davatgari (Traditional Copper Hammering): Manufacturing of objects and utensils such as pots and pans with copper sheets, hammered into the shape required
Scrimshaw Copper (Rize Ghalam): The creation by using hammer blows on metal objects with the help and use of steel tools with different tips to define the shapes required
Traditional Stone Carving (Stonemason): Production of stone mortar, quern, or cutting and shaping of stone fireplaces by using a special hatchet for the job
Traditional Paintings and Drawings: Designs of some types of carpets and rugs on graph paper on the row numbers and punctuation and coloring
Architectural Decoration: Traditional engraving into plaster, traditional brickwork, Traditional Mirror decoration, Mogharnas, Yazdi bandi, Rasmi bandi
Affiliated Crafts: Silk lining, traditional dyeing, darning, traditional spinning, conventional tanning of leather