String towel weaving which called locally "Too-Baffi or Toon-Baffi”, is defined to be one of the oldest crafts of Southern Khorasan. According to historical documents, the famous hand knitting of cotton and silk products in the early centuries of the great states are mentioned in ancient Ghohestan.

The weaving of traditional cloth which is made from different raw materials like Cotton, Worsted Thread, Silk, and Soft Wool and with 2 Verdi and 4 Verdi traditional machines are very limited in the Southern Khorasan area.

Many years ago Jajim was called Jajom. The local term for it is said to be the oldest woven and one of the most prolific jobs of women and was very important in Southern Khorasan. Hand woven rugs with a dim view like Palas and Course with designs of coloured strips of coloured yarns of fine wool or cotton or a combination of the two were woven.

Mat weaving is one of the oldest crafts and perhaps the oldest. Applying to the manufacture of products referred the use of palm leaves for mat weaving (Matting, Bouriya Baffi).


This art is to produce lines and motifs for the decoration of metal objects such as vases, Sugar bowls, cups, basic glass, and trays of copper, gold, silver, brass and steel using fonts with different tips and deft blows with a hammer, named scrimshaw.

The traditional Footwear is produced from cotton with its natural colour for the top of the shoes and leather for the sole and insole. They are cool, lightweight, washable and weather-appropriate for Iran and from ancient days and used by different classes, especially rural and agricultural people.

This is a carpet without nap which has warp and weft. The warp is from wool and the weft is from cotton. The rug designs with the insertion of coloured wefts occur between the warps.

The art which is called Rou-Doozi or Rou-Kari, in which different designs are embroidered onto fabrics are simple and cheap designs simple, which consists of sewing thread onto fabrics or cloth. The raw material of traditional embroidery (Rou-Doozi) includes, yarn and fabric with different qualities such as Silk, Cotton, Wool, metal, or decorative pieces which include a variety of precious and semiprecious stones, decorative pearls, small mirrors, lace, decorative coins, etc,.

Palus Weaving

Palus is thick and tough for tents made from goat’s hair, for Kheymeh, mats and like these can be used. The colour of the wool Palus come from natural colouring of goat’s hair based on the color spectrum of light cream to black.

The raw ceramic material is the mud which is a mixture of clay and water, which after kneading, homogeneous and kneading, becomes very smooth and flexible. Pottery is the process of making pots with mud and the dishes which are made from mud are clay pots. The main tools used in the art of pottery in Southern Khorasan include: foot or electric pottery wheels, easel, palette knife, yarn, bowl of water, shovel, extruder, Balmil.

It is said that the simple textures woven from goat’s hair, is used for ceilings and walls tents of the nomads. The main requirements for weaving a tent is goat’s hair and that color must be crow black, Sur and blond.

The manufacture of containers, tools, and consumer appliances such as, trays, pots and pans of different sizes, bowls, plates, jugs and cups, ewers and basins are hammered from copper sheets ingot are called Copper Hammering “Davatgari”.

To make a variety of dishes using thin branches and twigs of trees and shrubs the narrow weaving process is called Tarkeh baffi.

One of the decorative applied handicrafts in Iran is called Table Cloth Weaving table (Sofreh Baffi).It is one woven by using a frame with the local name of Sofreh Ardi.

To process wire and sheet metal formation, the technique of heating the metal and repressing it to manufacture products such as sickles, hammers, horseshoes and bells for livestock call the tradition Blacksmithing (Chelengari).

This art form is wood joinery which normally is found in areas of the country where there is commonly more wood to be found. Woodturning is a way of producing wooden products made by the use of various tools and mainly by traditional or electric lathe machines, where a wooden cylinder is rotated around and the time taken by the carver (Moghar) adds to the form of the wood desired.

This is a non-woven textile, and felt is made under the pressure, humidity and temperature for Mats, Shepherd's clothing (Kapanak) and Hats. Today Felt is produced based on the oldest methods by rolling and pressing wool.

Carpet Weaving

The hand-woven knotting, with high pile wool, silk or cashmere is called a Carpet (Ghali).The calculation of the value of hand-woven carpets is evaluated by the quality of raw materials, design and number of rows woven in density. Raw materials and equipment for weaving carpets includes a lot of paraphernalia, mostly of metal, patterns, combs (shaneh or Daftin), knives, pure cotton, cotton, silk and wool in some cases.

Gabbeh carpets like the carpet are hand woven and knotted, which dates back to before the carpet industry because of the social needs of societies, it allowed the rapid transfer of intellectual and specially weaving in mind.