Sarayan, the Land of Cisterns
Sarayan is a town of Southern Khorasan county, which has the area of 7,000 kms square. This town is to the north next to Gonabad, to the east is next to Ghayenat, Birjand and Khoosf Towns, to the south next to Tabass and Khoosf Towns and to the west is next to the town of Ferdows. TheSarayan towns geographical coordinates are 58 and 31 minutes longitude and 33 degrees and 51 minutes Latitude.
From the Archeological records of this area, they show the societies four thousand years B.C. were living near the Aysak Hills. So, we can say the historical past records of Sarayan was from that period, which is before Islam. The Historical Dam (Zoo) was from that period of time. In the Islamic period, this area was a part of Ghohestan which was in the first years of the Arab attack; it was in the hands of the Islamic group. Ebne Asir remembered Ahnafebneh Gheys who came to Khorasan from the TabbasRoad. From the geographic sources from the first centuries of Islam, we can’t see any name of Sarayan, but Archeologist Researches in this area has shown in Saljooghiyeh period. They have some hills and areas from that period of time and from the Essmailiyeh movements in this period, and from getting the Ghohestan Castle like Ghaleh Castle of Sarayan, we can say this area was very enterprising and populated in 5 and 6 century of Hejrat in Saljuqids period. Shah Abbasi’s Caravanserai (Caravan Inn) and different Water Reservoirs from the Safavi period have shown how much this area was important to the next periods.
Nehbandan, the Long Lasting town
The town of Nehbandan is 41,102 kms square is most southern part of Southern Khorasan. The town of Nehbandan, from the natural situation and is next to the desert near a big plain. To the north of this town there are mountains, which are 2,500 m high, the Red Mountain (Kooh-Sorkh), Bid-Meshk Mountain (Kooh-Bidmeshk, King Mountain (Shah-Kooh) are some of the mountains. The population of this township in a census in 1390 was 57,258 persons.
From the last researches, the history of this township was from the fourth and fifth century after Hejrat.The famous levels of this period is from the Ashkani and Sasani period.From historical research it used the Neh or Niyeh for this town and from and from the seventh century it used the name which came from two names and called it Nehbandan.The monuments and historic resources, Nehbandan the major city on the eastern edge of the Loot desert in the period before Islam. Hamdo-lelah-Mostofi in Nozhatolgholoob writes:-"Neh is the third climate of Ardashir Babakan which he built".From the early centuries in the late tenth century AD Nehbandan was the state capital and a fort, castle and army Valiani was confirmed by the Molouk not to handle it.From the eleventh century onwards gradually the power of the Alam family the Neh, Khavanin was getting Nayebol-hokoomeh. From the geographic many years ago Neh was a part of Khorasan and before that was part of the county of Sistan.
Ferdows, the Red Ruby Land
The Town of Ferdows is the center of the Ferdows Township which is to the north of Southern Khorasan County, its 1,275 meter above sea level and 200 kms from the City of Birjand. This City is next to the Bejestan City of Khorasan Razavi County from the north, to the south and east with Sarayan City and to the west with Boshrouyeh town.
From research, the age of this town is from four and five thousands year ago. Toon Town in the Islamic period was one of Ghohestan towns, which looks like a town with an old fort, Sharestan, Corral and Rampart. The Mosque and Kooshk are very older works of the Toon town. Kooshk mosque with brick building has an inscription from 554(Hejrat) which is one of the most ancient inscriptions of this historical Toon town. The first historical book which has name of the Toon in it, is (Ashkal-ol-Alam) Jeyhani which is from 400 Hejrat and it says Toon is one of the area of Ghohestan. It is certain that Toon was one of the important places from the beginning of Islam and has special economic and social situations. This town in 1308(Shamsi) with the governments order, changed its name to Ferdows from Toon. Toon town (Ferdows) was very badly damaged in 1347 by an earthquake but some of the works of this historical town remain.
Tabass, the land of Palms and Orange
This Townships area is 57,080 kms, and is the first big city in Iran and is at a distance far from villages from north to the south of more than 400 km. The City of Tabass is next to the Khorasan Razavi and Semnan counties to the North, from the west to the Isfehan County, from the north to the Yazd and Kerman County and from the east to the Khoosf, Sarayan, Ferdows and Boshrooyeh Townships. The City of Tabass has three parts:- Center, Deyhook, Dast-Gardan and has three towns:- Tabass , Deyhook and Eshgh-Abad and has eight villages which are named:-Golshan, Pir-Hajat, Manzariyeh, Nakhlestan, Deyhook, Kavir, Dast-Gerdan and Kooh-Yakhab, and the population of the township (in 1390) was 68,500 people which 48,000 live in town’s, and 20,500 live in villages. This city has an airport and train station, which holds many advantages, to the relation of the area and is easy for tourist’s to visit.
It is true; the name of Tabass comes from Tab which means fever. The City of Tabbas was a part of the Sagart area. Having some cemeteries and yards shows the historical period. The Castle of Tabbas was built in this period. Tabbas at the Teymoorian period and Safavi period was attacked by the Ozbacks many times. In Ghajariyes period especially in the Mir Hassan Khans period, which was repaired after a very bad earthquake in 1357, but it still remains the Flower Garden (Golestan) in the middle of the desert.
Ghayenat, The Red Gold Land
The town of Ghayenat is named the Sun Land and the Golden Red Land, which is in east of Iran and north of Southern Khorasan County is between 15 and 33 to 12and 34, 38 and 56 latitude and to 56 and 60 longitude. This City is next to Khaf and Gonabad in Khorasan Razavi from the north , to the west to Sarayan, to the south to Birjand and to the east to Zirkooh. The height above sea level of this area is 1,440 metres and the the area is 17722 km square.
The records of Archeologists show the existence in Khoonic Cave is from 30 to 35 thousand years B.C. Khoonic Cave is 18 kms from South of Ghayenat. Some of the records show Ghayen town is an old and historical town, because they say the age of this town is before Islam. Ghayen was the biggest town of Ghohestan in the Islamic period, because it was between the important economic roads of Sistan and Kerman and the beach of Oman Sea (to Sang-Bast), commercial and economy in Ghayenat was very important in the 4th century of Hejrat, and then it was called (Darvazeh Oman, Bar-andz Kerman, Anbar Khorasan) Moghaddassi. This township, in the Islamic period had a rampart with different gates and an all round ditch, which some of the ditches can still be seen, Kohan Dej was inside the rampart and the mosque and Dar-Ol- Hokoomeh was inside the Kohan Dej.
The City of Birjand, The Baharestan of Science and Literature
The City of Birjand is 3,1704kms in area. It is to the east of Iran, 500 kms from Khorasan Razavi Capital and Sistan and Balouchestan, Kerman and Yazd. This City from the north is next to Ghayenat, to the south next to the Nehbandan and the County of Kerman, to the west is next to Sarayan and Khoosf, and to the east is next to Darmian and the town of Sarbisheh. The City of Birjand has a center part. From 1302 it was the first city in Iran which had an organized and piped water agency, recognized as the first water distribution system in Iran.The Shokatiyeh School was the third school after Dar-ol-Fonoon and Roshdiyeh in Tabriz which had new methods in teaching, because the strategic situation of this city. Birjand Airport was the third to be built in the country in 1312 after the Ghale-Morghi and Boushehr Airport .The United Kingdom and Russia’s Vice-Consul’s worked there before the Second World War.
Some of the people think Birjand was created by Bijan, Giv’s Son, but they haven’t got any documents. Some documents show Southern Khorasan was Achamanian, Ashkani and then Sassani dominion. Furthermore, Gabr-Abad area and Gabr-Abad Cemetery in Birjand and villages show that after the coming of Islam was created, some Zoroster people were living there. For the first time in 6th century of Hejrat,Yaghoot-Hemavi spoke about it. After the Yaghoot, Hafez-Abero in 9th century of Hejrat was called Birjand, the Ghohestan city had agriculture and trading works.For the first time in 6th century of Hejrat,Yaghoot-Hemavi spoke about it. After the Yaghoot, Hafez-Abro in 9th century of Hejrat was called Birjand, the Ghohestan city had agriculture (Zaffron,Cerial,Grape and Fruit) and trading works. The geographic situation of Birjand and inclement are geographic for agriculture life, on the other hand (Ghohestan) Khorasan is located between two disciplines of commercial and business obtaining the economics in the area, this was the reason for growing economics until the Safavi government and gradually given the commercial and business role, to become a city. After a short time given the economics and relations, the output in Southern Khorasan rapidly replaced the Ghayen city. When the Safavi government came, Birjand was given the governering seat of Ghohestan, and Birjandgovernmen was in the Amiriye family (Khozaymeh) hands. The first development of the City of Birjand, started at the end of the Safavi government and it started from Ghayenat. Increasing the population in the city was started by this government and from increasing the population the city grew with buildings and new towns from the north, northern-west and east.
The County of Southern Khorasan (The third largest County of Iran) with an area of 150,800 kms square and with a different hemisphere is to the east of the country.
Introduction to the Highest Authority
· Mr. Seyed Hadi Anvari - Head of Public Relations and Social - Cultural Department of Affairs
Phone Number: 056- 32341329
Personnel and their Status:
· Mr. Hamid Ali Abadi : Responsible for Rituals, Festivals, Exhibitions and Publications
· Mrs. Robab Moshtaghi : Responsible for the Special Library of
· Mrs. Somayeh Mohammadi : Public Relations expert in charge of News and Reports
· Mrs. Zahra Jalayeri : Responsible for Digital Archiving and Administration Dept.
· Mrs. Afsaneh Erfanian :Responsible for Information and Translations
· Miss. Faranak Pouyan: Librarian
The role of Public Relations:
· Public Relations are a bridge between the community and organization and have great roles like: Promotion for the client, mutual trust between people and authorities, orbital contact, to promote public awareness of government activities, seminars and interaction spaces and the role of public relations is management of information.
Organizational position of Public Relations:
· The special position of public relations are in the category of administrative tasks and part of management practices
The main functions of public relations
· Implementation of policies for informing the government
· Cooperation with mass media to reflect the appropriate performance of various sectors
· Response to the ambiguities and noticing the administration
· Preparation and implementation of promotional initiatives of the organization
· Implementation to the appropriate ceremonies and events
· Creating good relationships between staff and officials of the administration by holding internal meetings
· Monitoring publications and issues of the administration
· Public opinion polls and administration
· Management information based on electronic administration
Introduction to the Deputy of Cultural Heritage
Introduction to the Highest Authority:
Deputy Head of the Cultural Heritage Administration of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism of the County of Southern Khorasan
Administrator of Assistance: Mr.Ali Shariati Manesh
Direct Phone: 056-32446857
Introduced of Personnel and their positions:
Responsible for the Research Section: Mr.Seyed Ahmad Barabadi
Manager of Database for the Historical Context of Birjand: Mr. Ali Reza Nasrabadi
Manager of Database for the Historical Gardens: Mr.Mohammad Ali Janatifar
Master of Registered Historical Sites: Mrs.Seyedeh Roghayeh Zaferanloo
Expert of Registration of Natural Heritage: Mrs.Zahra Rezayee Malakooti
Expert of Registration of Historical Buildings: Mrs. Tahereh Mall Andooz
Archaeological Expert: Mr. Mohammad Reza Soroush
Master of Technical Supervision of the County: Mr. Mohammad Ali Bozorg Mehr
Privacy Expert and Technical Supervisor of the County: Mrs. Parisa Jamshidi
Technical Expert Supervisor of the County: Mr. Kazem Shabnamzadeh
Master of Technical Supervision of the County: Mr. Hamzeh Hamzeh
Master of Technical supervision and Director of Research Base of Boshruyeh: Mr.Kazem Mokhtarniya
Expert and Official of the State Museum: Mr. Gholam Hossein Shoeybi
Museum Keeper: Mrs. Toktam Behravesh
Archaeological Expert: Mr. Javad Sirousi
Master in Anthropology: Mr. Hassan Ali Fouladi
Expert in Anthropology: Mrs. Fariba Kaheni
Master in Archaeology: Mr. Mohammad Farjami
-Policy and planning of the preservation, restoration, to restore, organize and manage buildings, collection of buildings, monuments and historical contexts and monitor the implementation of projects and programs
-Develop criteria and guidelines for the protection, maintenance, repair and restoration of immovable cultural heritage, property, historical objects and supervising their implementation at the provincial level
-Planning to identify the textures of valuable cultural - historical and proposed registration in the national index
-The value and potential of immovable monuments, historic and cultural assets, intangible and procedures for registration in the World list
-Policy review and recommendation sites, hills, buildings and historic structures and procedures necessary for their approval
-Movable organizing historical and preparing technical certificate and list of requirements for them
-Identification and documentation of cultural-historical monuments in the geographic implementation of all development projects and expert opinion on the project from the perspective of cultural heritage
-To survey the most important monuments of cultural heritage sites, to develop and to monitor the activities and operations of existing databases.
Introducing the Highest Authority
Deputy of Tourism, Investment and Financing: Mr. Morteza Arabi
Department of Tourism
Direct phone no: 056-32341367….056-32341325
Introduced to the Personnel and their positions
-Mr. Saeid Abdollahi: - Staff expert and acting Deputy Executive for Travel Services in Tourism, Ecotourism Committee responsible for higher observation and coverage of all tourism.
-Mr. Amir Hussein Rajab Panah: - Expert of Catering Units between destinations, Restaurants Traditional Tourism Committee, Sport and Religious in the county, looking at all the excellent tourist facilities.
- -Mrs. Hamideh Ebrahimzadeh: - Expert for Travel Agencies in the County, Tourism Training Expert, Advisory Committee (excellent observer of all tourist facilities).
- -Mrs. Aliyeh Ariyabod: - Expert on Statistics and Tourism Information, Deputy Expert of Tourism Legal Affairs, and responsible for complaints of tourism facilities.
- -Mrs. Farzaneh Dayani: - Expert for the Health Tourism Committee, the County Tourism Committee (Technical Committee, Investment and….), The Executive Committee of Travel Services in the county. The tracking system and credit facilities and Employment Assistance and Monitoring System, Health Tourism Committee, Complaints responsible of tourism facilities, Investment Committee, Training and Research Assistance.
The Duties of the Department of Tourism
-Policy, planning, coordination, determined in accordance with the policies and priorities of development programs of the county.
-Study and research to improve, develop and promote the industry of domestic and foreign tourism.
-Review and notification standards, rules, regulations and policies governing the establishment, management, development and dissolution of lodgings, Hotels, guesthouses, entertainment complexes, offices, community centers and other service companies, and travel and tourism related activities.
-Policy and guidance activities for communication with other countries, especially in Islamic countries.
-Plan to attract foreign tourists, facilities and obstacles, providing information and utilities necessary for the Embassies in cooperation with the relevant units.
-Necessary coordination with relevant agencies and institutions to provide security, tours and provide other services to foreign tourists during their stay.
-Review of plans and strategies to encourage the development of domestic tourism and visitor amenities and attractions of tourism and pilgrimage of the county.
-Coordination and communication, exchanges with organizations, agencies, institutions and other organizations in the country to introduce, inform, and develop domestic tourism.
-Planning to build a facility for tours and specialized areas (sports, health, science, etc.
-Planning methods and mechanisms for identifying target markets and the promotion of domestic tourism industry and foreign sources of income.
-Policy support, guidance and supervision of institutions, organizations and individuals and entities to develop and improve the quality and quantity of tourism services.
-Control and enforce regulations necessary for the issuance of permits and the Administration and Management and delivery of services by residential complexes and entertainment centers, offices and travel services.
-Bases and databases on the conditions, standards and specifications for Residential Centers and Entertainment, Travel Agencies and Services, Currency Exchange, Natural and Historical attractions and Museums.
Group's Investment and Financing
Direct phone: 056- 32341367
Introduction of the Personnel and their positions
-Mr. Hamid Reza Attariyan: - Expert in Investment Planning - Facilities - the areas of licensing and tourism facilities and successor, Deputy of Tourism
--Mr. Morteza Sourgi: - Expert in the Supervision of Construction Projects in the Cities of Sarbisheh, Nehbandan, Ghaen, Khoosf, Zirkooh, Darmiyan (adjusting development agreements Mapping and the handling of financial documents)
-Mr. Rouhollah Sedaghat Talebi: - Expert in the Supervision of Construction Projects in the Cities of Sarayan, Ferdows, Boshrooyeh, Tabass (regulating agreements, construction, mapping and addressing of financial documents)
Duties of the Investment and Financing of Group:
Tourism development is a part of social and cultural development in addition to income, employment and economic development and is important for this reason. In recent decades, governments were trying to be an important part of our national capital income with the supply of industry, because the income of the industry is very higher compared to the cost. To achieve these goals, the resources and tourism is one of the four pillars of the industry and can restore and rehabilitate them assisting us in achieving the desired objectives. The Government has a responsible policy that emphasizes sustainable development of the industry through the provision of infrastructure that provides the foundation for the development of the tourism industry.
Creating Tourism Areas-
Providing services and facilities in the village tourism areas for Passengers-
-Creating standard and appropriate accommodation and catering
According to Tourism with special interests (Ecotourism- Health Tourism, etc)-
Organizing Hydrotherapy Spas (Mineral Springs)-
Providing views of Monuments and Historic Buildings-
-Development plan for the activities of the organization and providing the necessary resources for their implementation
-Assessment of strategies in order to identify new sources of support and fundraising
-Checking the Laws and Regulations of Banking Systems and to make necessary recommendations to the appropriate banking facilities in order to, achieve the organization's objectives in the field of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts
-Necessary planning to remove problems and economic problems in the tourism section
-Study plans prepared by government departments and non-governmental departments in the field missions and authority organization from a technical perspective, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the issuance of agreements necessary for their implementation
-Checking the implementation of development projects and how to use all the facilities vested in the running
-Study and proposal to develop the tourism areas in different areas of the country and checking the governance of the areas
-Providing the necessary platform to develop tourism infrastructure and services, cultural, and welfare in the tourism areas
-Allocation of credit facilities and the provision of credit facilities of the Export Guarantee Fund, Foreign Exchange Reserves, Foreign and Domestic Banks, buyback and other relevant resources for the development of tourism activities
-Absorption of internal and external resources and investment to develop tourism projects